by Stephen B. McCarney, Ed.D.
The Early Childhood Behavior Scale (ECBS) was developed in response to frequent requests for evaluation/ assessment and diagnostic input in early childhood behavior disorders. Based on the definition and criteria for emotional disturbance and behavioral disorders, the ECBS provides the standardized profile information and specific indicators necessary to determine which students are in need of intervention, behavioral support, and the opportunity to learn more appropriate behavior. Since early intervention has now gained universal support, the ECBS provides the necessary documentation and diagnostic information to begin a screening, intervention, and teaching program to improve the child’s chances of success.
The ECBS subscales, Academic Progress, Social Relationships, and Personal Adjustment were developed using behaviors appropriate for children ages 36 through 71 months in preschool and kindergarten settings. Results provided by primary observers such as teachers or mental health workers are used to document the behaviors which indicate areas of concern. Internal consistency, test-retest and inter-rater reliability; item and factor analysis; content, criterion-related, diagnostic, and construct validity are documented and reported for the scale.
Characteristics and Components of the ECBS
The ECBS is based on the federal definition of emotional disturbance (IDEA) and the most recently approved definition of ED/BD developed by the National Mental Health and Special Education Coalition.
The ECBS was standardized on a total of 1,314 children, including identified behaviorally disordered children.
The standardization population included children from 17 states and 68 school districts and represented all geographic regions of the United States.
Factor analysis confirmed the three ECBS subscales.
The ECBS provides separate norms for male and female children 36 through 71 months of age.
The ECBS can be completed in approximately 15 minutes and includes 53 items easily observed and documented by educational personnel.
The Pre-Referral Early Childhood Behavior Checklist provides a format for identifying behaviors in need of intervention.
The Early Childhood Behavior Intervention Manual includes IEP goals, objectives, and interventions for all 53 items on the scale.
The ECBS Quick Score computer program converts raw scores to standard scores and percentiles which makes scoring efficient and convenient.
The Early Childhood Behavior Intervention Manual (130 pages, © 1992) contains goals, objectives, and intervention strategies for the 53 behavior problems identified by the ECBS. The goals, objectives, and intervention strategies for the 53 behavior problems serve as an intervention guide for any teacher working with young students with behavior problems in special or regular education classrooms. The intervention strategies contained in the manual make it an extremely useful resource for the regular education teacher working with the mainstreamed behaviorally disordered student in the regular education classroom.
EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL
PROBLEMS OF YOUNG CHILDREN
Effective Interventions in the Preschool and Kindergarten Years
by Gretchen A. Gimpel & Melissa L. Holland
This indispensable book provides hands-on tools and resources for addressing common emotional and behavioral problems in preschool and kindergarten-age children. The focus is on evidence-based interventions that are practical and effective, and that help prevent the development of more serious difficulties later on. The clinician is taken step by step through managing everything from toileting, eating, and sleep problems to externalizing disorders, internalizing disorders, and the effects of physical or sexual abuse. A variety of assessment methods are demonstrated and guidelines provided for planning and implementing a range of home- and school-based interventions. Conveniently designed in a large-size format for ease of photocopying, the volume contains over 30 reproducible parent handouts and other clinical tools.
||Emotional and Behavioral Problems of Young Children